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Text and pictures : George Lathyris


The two eagles of Zeus (Zen Zen in Araucanic), standing on both sides of the Omphalos central point of the Globe, symbolize the Hellenic Diaspora all over the Planet Earth and they are invincible guards of the Mystic Delphic Unity of the Greeks


1.-The creation for the Araucans

2.-Who are the Araucans

3.-Their origin

4.-The role of the Oracle at Delphi

5.-The Araucanic calendar

6.-Their nation

7.-Their numerical system

8.-The Promethean notation

9.-The Araucanic language

10.-How the Araucanic race maintained the knowledge of its Hellenic origin


1.-The creation for the Araucans

The best way to start this article is to expand in another field, a field of pure poetry. Lets fly for a while with the wings of the araucanic Myth of Creation :

Zen-Zen created Uentru (Man) and placed him in a valley in the Andes mountain range. However, because he was feeling alone, the Godess Gaia (Earth) pointed out to Zen-Zen the need of a companion for Uentru. So Zen-Zen created Kourre and placed her in another very remote valley, giving her the order : Search for Uentru.

She started looking for him, walking through hills, mountains, ravines and rough paths, until the hard gravel wounded her feet. As soon as Gaia realized that, she asked Zen-Zen to cover the gravel with a layer, and then he created the grass.

The woman could now run on a soft carpet, but her wounds didnt get better, and at the request of Gaia the God gave each herb a healing power.


Her feet, now, were healed and could run faster; however, the sun was burning her skin. The ever-alert Gaia that took care of everything intervened once again and Zen-Zen created a roof, the trees, so Kourre could run in the forest without problems.

Before long, the plants and the trees bloomed, filling the world with their scent and their colors. Kourre was picking the flowers of the plants and she was throwing them upwards; the petals were quivering, livened up and transformed into wings, and then they were flying in the open air having become butterflies, bees, and an endless variety of birds

The rainbow appeared in the sky, having gathered all the colors of the flowers and was guiding Kourre in her searchUntil one day a mysterious music was heard, soft like the rose petals of the dawn

She approached without making the slightest noise, so as not to miss even a single note, and there, in a beautiful spot, under some stout koyan trees, in full bloom, by a river whose transparent water was flowingthere was Uentru, who was composing music with the instrument called TrmpThen Kourre understood what the music wanted to say and knew what love means

What to admire first! Is it the clarity of perception? The vigilant Gaia-Mother Nature being always present to promote the creation process? The absolute respect for the woman as a vehicle and co-creator of life? The wonderful cooperation between Heaven and Earth? The role of music in the relationship between the Man and the Woman and the fact that the woman is the one who is searching for the man?

Its worth noticing that here there are no traumas, disobediences, betrayals, original sins and punishments. The love of god Zen (a word which is repeated in Araucanic denotes superlative degree : Zen-Zen -the Supreme God of Life, the Living (, Zon in Greek), Zeus) flows in a fatherly way towards his children and the presents reach the Earth through the woman, thats why she deserves any respect

Besides being beautiful, this myth codifies many important things at the same time. To begin with, we notice that the Greek name ourre ( or , Koure or Kore in Greek means girl, young woman) with which the Araucans call the first woman, codifies the way of her creation: Kourre means the cut off (from the ancient verb keiro () = cut); cut off, of course, from the whole Man and not only from one of his sides! The divine intervention (Zen) on the suggestion of the needs of the evolutionary process (Gaias) breaks the loneliness of the unit and a twosome is created so that the process of life can be put in effect. The Woman is searching for the Man in order to know the cause of her creation and the Man sustains her search, working with the music


2.-Who are the Araucans 

The Araucans are a mysterious race of South America. This race has been greatly admired worldwide for its virtues and especially for its unyielding fighting spirit through recent History, since it successfully resisted for three and a half centuries and was never conquered by the Spaniards, either with the weapons or through religionThe surprising fact about these people is that they put up a stout and organized resistance against the superpower of those times, the Spaniards, who, with their supremacy in weaponry at that time, gave the impression that they acted as if they wanted to conquer even the stars, as the Araucan leader Antupillan stressed in one of his speeches in a nearly prophetic way in 1593 AD before the Governor Martin Onieth de Loyola, a speech which is preserved by Spanish chronographers.

The whole text of the amazing speech delivered by Antupillan, representing his nation, during the negotiations for the signing of one of the many treaties made with the Spaniards, is found in the book The Hellenic Origin of the Araucans of Chile (Heliodromion Publications, 3rd edition, improved and enriched, Athens 2003, p. 65-68).

The cradle of the Araucans, the area of Araucania, is in central-southern Chile, as we know it today, between the rivers Bio-Bio and Tolten, which, according to the araucanic traditions constitutes the heart of Chile.

Where did they derive their power from? Which was the origin and the perspective of these admirable people?

Until recently, only theories had been formulated, many of which approached and some of them actually touched the truth. These people belong to the white race, have European origin, reached Chile from the west, etc.


3.-Their origin   

According to what Lonko Kilapan revealead, who is the Epeutuve of the Araucanian race (in ancient Greek Epeotypis, Epeotagos (, ) means official historian, narrator of the epics), in about 600 to 800 BC a colonization expedition started from Greece, specifically from Sparta, and crossing Asia Minor they followed the traditional route towards the Far East, going through the north-east of India and reached the area of Laos which derives from the Greek word (= a people). Later they went down the Peninsula of Malaysia, which is simply called Peninsula on the map of Ptolemy, and from there they passed in the Pacific Ocean, which the Greeks called simply Ocean, as the major Ocean of the Earth.

Using the island complexes of Indonesia, Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia as a bridge, they finally reached the Galapagos Islands (Galapagos, a compound word from the Greek words gala () = milk, and pagos () = rock, which means white rocks) and from there they went over to the American Continent (Peru). All the above island complexes have compound Greek names: Indo-nesia, Micro-nesia, Mela-nesia, Poly-nesiaThe second word all of them consist of is nesia, meaning in Greek island complex, while the first one denotes a main property of these islands or their inhabitants. These names were not given by the navigators of the West but they had already been given.

Seeking an appropriate place for the settlement of the new colony, the Spartans were finally led to a latitude corresponding to that of Greece, between the 36th and 40th parallel of latitude, in the south of the Equator. There they founded the new city state and called the area Phyli (), meaning race in Greek, from which derives the name Chile () the country has today. n fact, the name Fyli existed as a placename in the Greek territory, too and besides its first meaning (from the verb fyo() = sprout, germinate, grow), it has also the meaning of preservation, the guardhouse (from the verb fylasso() = keep, preserve).


4.-The role of the Oracle at Delphi 

However, what did the Spartan colonists want to preserve and they really did so with unyielding strength miles away from their country on the other side of the Earth? Why did the Oracle at Delphi send out a Greek expedition to settle a colony and in particular a Doric one, that is to say a colony of warriors? Lonko Kilapan talks about antipodes () of the southern hemisphere, meaning, the very opposite, while remarkable researchers in Greece (such as Taxiarhis Tsiogas, Evangelos Drougas, etc) have pointed out that The Greeks living outside Greece had chosen Colchid, ie Peru or else the Land of the Supernortherns(or the Super-southerns if you wish) as a second control point of the globe.

It is well known that during these times, no colony expedition set off if it didnt have the approval and the recommendation of the Oracle first as far as the final destination is concerned as well as the route it should follow. So, the Oracle at Delphi was transformed into a kind of Colony Research Office of the whole Globe, and this is the reason why it ought to have filed the geographical knowledge of all the world known by then. It seems that for the Oracle priests, who apparently knew everything, the known world at that time was far broader than we think todayThe Oracle ought to have filed and recorded data about the coastline of South America, since it delegated Spartan colonists to settle there. In his wonderful book The Oracle at Delphi (Athens 1937, re-edited by Demiourgia Publications, Athens 1997), Dimitrios Goudis writes: Among its multifarious political activities, one of the extraordinary feats of the Oracle at Delphi was the vast Greek colonization, which lasted mainly three centuries, from the 8th to 6th century BC and continues: Because the Delphic priesthood had the broadest and most accurate geographical knowledge on these remote countries, too, and maintaining continuous and lasting bonds with every colony that was founded, it recorded all the geographical information which it received from there and, as a consequence, it had global and concise knowledge about a lot of countries. Therefore, nobody else could provide those who asked about them with more accurate information but this amazing centre, where people continuously concentrated from all over the world. The multifaceted and proficient priests of the oracle assiduously gathered and recorded all this information and constituted a world bank of geographical knowledge

Kilapan reveals that the Chilean leader maintained the name Apo since the old times, since his authority directly derived from god Apollo. The Araucans, laconically speaking (meaning briefly and concisely, according to the motto they lived by: Brevity is the soul of wit), used to cut the names; so, Apo-llon becomes Apo, Prometheus becomes Prom, Lycourgos becomes Courgo, etc. In particular the name Apo took the broader meaning of master, chief, being in charge in the Araucanic language, something that is in absolute accordance with the name Archagetas or Archigetis (meaning the principle leader) that the God was given in the Greek coloniesAfter all, Apollo was regarded as the main founder of the cities and he is said to have founded the city of Sparta, too. The most frequently encountered colony names were given after the god, such as: Apollonia, Pythopolis, Phoebe, PhoebiaAt least twenty- five colonies with the name Apollonia are known and reported in ancient times (Stephanos Byzantios, Ethnika - The Nationals. Great Geographical Dictionary of ancient Cities, Places and Nations). According to D. Goudis, the Oracle at Delphi really accomplished a magnificent feat, which cant be compared to any other in the worlds historyWe dont have the means to know what ingenious plan it followed to spread the Greek colonies all over the Globe, at carefully chosen key spotsWhat we do know, however, is that the Araucans kept their secrets safely for over 2000 yearsIts like a time capsule that opened in due time


5.-The Araucanic calendar 

According to the Araucanic calendar we are already in the year 2804This time measuring almost coincides with the Olympic calendar; it is called Olympic, since the first Olympiad, held in 776 BC, is taken as the conventional starting point of time measuring, which is close to the year 800 BC of the Araucanic calendar


6.-Their nation 

Their nation was founded based on the Greek standards, both geographical and political ones. Chile was in the middle, Pikunches (pikun = north) in the north, Williches (willi = South), while on the Andes side there were the Peuelchses (puel = East). All these allied peoples had the same gods, the same language, the same laws, used the same weapons, dressed the same way, but they had their own independent government and only in case of war they were united under one common leader.

The Spartan colonists brought the legislation of Lycourgos with them, which they used in their cities. As time passed, it was called Admapu which means the law of the ancestors, the ancestral moral standards. They brought the same gods and maintained the same traditions.

Some typical examples are : the oracles where Machi (Mantis in Greek means diviner) performed the rituals having duties of a priestess like the ones of Pythia, the same sacred tree, the same weapons and the same training as in Greece, the myth of Siren, and the same wedding ceremony that involved the brides kidnapping, according to the model of MythologyAs time passed, their population stabilized at 360,000 people and was shared among nine cities of 40,000 people each. This perfect number aimed at a perfect organization based on the Greek state rule- which was later referred by Aristotle that a city must not have either more or fewer than 40,000 dwellers, because in the first case it will be out of control (excess), whereas in the second case it wont even be a city (deficiency). To put it more simply, more dwellers would cause the problem of lack of food and accommodation for the rest; on the other hand, fewer dwellers would be vulnerable to a potential external attack.

The Araucans had solved this problem the same way as the Spartans did: they controlled the birth rate, did away with the defective ones at birth, caused sterilization to certain women who shouldnt have children, and they had enacted a law that accepted polygamy, so, this race systematically touched and put into practice higher standards of beauty, psychosomatic health and integrity, meaning that it exceedingly developed all those virtues that characterized the man warrior.


7.-Their numerical system 

The numerical system of the Araucans is a copy transfer of the decimal system of the Greeks, although the names of the numbers have not been maintained except the one that constitutes the basis of the system: number ten. The hands denoted number ten, since the fingers are ten (= deca in Greek); and this is where the name of the system decimal (deca-dico) derives from. In the Araucanic language ten is called mare and in ancient Greek means hand. In Greek we still use today the compound word - (+, meaning good+hand) which means high skill at hands (-), mainly financial.

The art of measurement has three stages: firstly, one measures using objects and defining the measuring units; at the second stage the numbers have their own names and form complex numerical systems; finally, at the third stage a rational numerical system with written symbols appears, which is used by the civilized people. Its important to notice the rationale behind the araucanic numerical system in order to understand their cultural grounds, since, according to Pythagoras, the number is civilization proof as the wisest of all beings.


8.-The Promethean notation 

Imagine that you are given a colourful textile as a presentand that you decorate your house with it, without suspecting for once that there is possibly coded knowledge hidden there, that would eventually change your life or at least your outlook on lifeThis is somehow what happens with the textile notation of the Araucans, which they call Prom (from abbreviation of the name Prom-etheus, Prometeo)

But I found the number, profound wisdom, and the letter matching. Mother of the Arts, the labor and the memory, says Prometheus, referring to his presents to Humanity.

The numerical calculation using the threads of the Prom notation is done as follows:



Light blue


































































- The units are represented by corresponding knots on a red thread.

- The tens on a yellow thread.

- The hundreds on a light blue thread.

- The thousands on a green thread.

- The millions on a black thread.


Every thread had ten divisions and the number should be placed at the point where it crossed another type of thread since each thread was divided into ten equal parts with other kinds of threads (except the five principle ones). For example, in the second battle of the Araucans against the Inkas, 250,000 invaders clashed with 30,000 Araucan fighters. The first number is recorded as shown in the figure.

We must make clear that this notation system is read from right to left.

Writings read this way have been found in Sparta, too. If the number was a round figure, for example 4,000, there was a knot on a level with four on the green thread. If the number was higher, for example 9,000,000, then the knot was made on a level with nine on the black thread. When the number was higher than 10,000 or 10,000,000, the quantity was marked on the thread of the tens or the hundreds and the order of the thousand or the million was shown with a knot on the corresponding thread. Then the number was read starting from the bigger quantity.


9.-The Araucanic language 

According to what was handed over to Lonko Kilapan by his teacher and predecessor Epeutuve Kanio, when the Greek colonists arrived from the West, they faced the dilemma whether they should try to teach their language to the natives they mixed with or learn the language spoken in this country, the so called mapudugu and they were inclined to the second alternative but they applied the grammatical rules of their own language. At the same time they taught the natives the basic words of their language, such as Zeus or Zan (Zen), Gaia (Gue), etc. Besides, many place names that are still maintained today given to mountains, rivers, islands, villages and areas in Chile are of Greek origin, such as the Andes (= those who please, delight, from the Greek verb ), Aimon (= bloodlike, from the Greek word , ), oriko (= , place name in Greece), Kido (from the Greek word meaning honored glory), Acuileo (= , Achilles), etc.

The Araucanic vocabulary is so rich that exceeds that of many modern languages. Based on an initial estimation and pointing out the fact that the Araucanic was not a written language, Lonko Kilapan asserts that at least 20% of the vocabulary still in use today is Greek.

Certain words have been maintained unchanged and others have been corrupted in the course of so much time and many of them have been abbreviated following the grammatical rule of contraction (synaeresis) and they are not easily recognizable.

When they refer to the earth as land, soil, they use the word mapu, while when they refer to the Earth itself, as the globe, as a feminine living entity, they use the word Gue, that is Gaia ( in Greek means Earth).

The relationship of the Araucans with light is typical of them, since they live, move and exist in accordance with it. In all the modern civilized languages the same word is usually used to denote the various kinds of light using more than one word (periphrastically).

In Araucanic, however, each type of light is denoted with its separate name; so, the Araucans call:

- pelon light in general

- ellabun the light of dawn

- guiantu the light of dusk

- aipin the light of the sun

- ale the light of the moon

- airkun the light of the stars, etc.

This variety is really amazing, since they dont use the same root to denote the various kinds of light. In Greek there is something similar, but we ought to notice that the corresponding words are compound, at least those which are known and are still in use today, such as:

- the light of dawn is called lycavges ()

- the light of dusk lycophos () and mouchroma ()

- the light of the Sun in one word is heliophos ()

- the light of the moon selinophos () and phegarophoto (), etc.

he Araucans have different words to denote the sea wave and the river wave, the fruit-bearing trees and the non-fruit-bearing trees; they have a name for each ore, for each star, for the soul and the spirit; they have words for abstract notions, such as kigneuen, meaning unity, etc.

Gne-chen is the Creator in Araucanic, the Gene-tor of the world (- in Greek means the one giving birth to everything). From the first part of the word its Greek origin is clearly declared.


 10.-How did the Araucanic race maintained the knowledge of its Hellenic Origin?


To this really burning question Lonko Kilapan, Epeutuve of the Araucanic Race, answers (in a letter of his in the autumn of 1995) using sound arguments, that are worth making the Greeks of Metropolitan Greece think. We transfer his answer in his exact words, along with the answers to other important questions that I had and that you probably have, too:

- How was the knowledge of the Hellenic origin maintained in the Araucanic Race?

Science and History in all the races were in the hands of the higher classes: governors, militiamen and priests who, in the course of time, mixed with the common people and together with them Science and History disappeared, as it is the case of the Mayas, the Incas, the Egyptians, etc. This could never happen in the Araucanic Race, which, having predicted such a thing has always had three Historians who mustnt know each other. Each one of them ought to have a Team, consisting of all the ages, and it was from this team that the successor Historian came. As far as I am concerned, I have 25 persons, scattered from the north to the south of the country, who no one else knows, and their ages range from 6 to 72 years old. All of them have parapsychological abilities (this is required by law), excellent memory, developed judgement and sense of responsibility in the facing of each hardship. Nobody can narrate a historical fact accurately. He will be likely to add his own things and forget others, but he can only narrate a fact that concerns one of his ancestors though not in public. In this case the Historian must be asked to do it.

- Are there possibly any other publications or pertinent statements before the publication of your book (in 1974)?

No, because the release to the public of a part of our History and the handing over of military secrets to the Chilean Army was decided in the Senate Council in 1972. There are only publications of mine in newspapers and magazines, because no one can write about History, as I previously explained.

- What is the present situation of the Araucans in Chile?

Are they conscious of their Hellenic Origin?

During the afternoon discussions the origin of the Race is always stressed and if the meeting is especially important, the Historian is asked to be present. We are scattered all over Chile, at the Universities, in the Armed Forces, in the Navy, in the Air Force, etc. If all of us remained in our land, we would experience the ravages of time after each generation and we would end up being in the same situation as Mapuches, who didnt do what we did and this is why very few are left in the plains.

- Is the Araucanic Language and writing maintained? Is the Araucanic Language taught in the schools of Chile?

The language is maintained as well as the writing with the use of triangles that is morphologically similar to the writing of the numbers. Five years ago, I was in charge of a seminar for teachers of the Araucanic Language and today it has been introduced experimentally in the Primary Schools.

- When was the Araucanic Confederation founded and what are its purposes?

There has always been the Araucanic Confederation, only the name has been adapted to contemporary standards. Its purpose is to make the Chileans live the way we do, adopt our Law and control the birth rate, because the overpopulation is the cause of all the wars worldwide

- Are there Araucans in Argentina? When was first the word Arauco established and what does it mean?

There are no Araucans in Argentina. The Mapuche Race lived there and came to Chile in the previous century trying to avoid the persecutions which mainly occurred when General Roca was in power. We are generally in contact with the Argentineans. I wrote in the newspaper Kuyo of Mendosa: The Andes mountain range is not the barrier that separates but the backbone that unites Chile and Argentina. The word arauco comes from the similarly called area Rauco in the south of the river Bio-Bio from where Araucania starts. The Spaniards called the inhabitants of this area Raucans and the poet Erthiya (Ercilla in Spanish) spread the name A-raucans. The word Rauco is derived from the verb Raun = flow noisily ( in Greek which means flow) and the noun Co = water. Therefore, Rauco (and Arauco) means a place where the roar of the water sounds.

- Do you claim that there are no traces of a Greek presence in whole America but Chile How do you explain this?

What I personally attest is that from Chile and towards the West there are Greek and Araucanic words everywhere, whereas from Chile towards the East there arent in Argentina and Brazil, or at least there arent in the maps

- Is the poet Pablo Neruda Araucan?

Yes. He was born on the borders of the ancient country of the Araucans (Yekmonsche), between the rivers Maule and Bio-Bio. Neruda was conscious of his origin and thats why he makes a reference to the heroes of Araucania and he wrote in the Canto General, the one you mention: the Araucans my ancestors and The Greek blood is coming down to the seas of Chile...

The text was translated in English by Maria Maragou.

Heliodromion Society, Athens, Hellas.




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: , 13. 2004 .